Querying Network Status in .NET programming


Work with `My` namespace

We can use My.Computer.Network.IsAvailable in Visual Basic.NET to determine whether the network is connected. The definition of this property is:

        ''' <summary>
        '''  Indicates whether or not the local machine is connected to an IP network.
        ''' </summary>
        ''' <value>True if connected, otherwise False</value>
        ''' <remarks></remarks>
        Public ReadOnly Property IsAvailable() As Boolean

                Return NetInfoAlias.NetworkInterface.GetIsNetworkAvailable()

            End Get
        End Property

It leads to the approach in C#.

Using `NetworkInterface` class

We can also use `System.Net.NetworkInformation.NetworkInterface.GetIsNetworkAvailable` static function to achieve the same goal.

The function is described in MSDN as follows:

A network connection is considered to be available if any network interface is marked “up” and is not a loopback or tunnel interface.

Using `InternetGetConnectedState` API

A function exposed from Wininet.dll can be used to query network connectivity info. Detialed information is here: InternetGetConnectedState function。The definition of this function is

BOOL InternetGetConnectedState(
  _Out_  LPDWORD lpdwFlags,
  _In_   DWORD dwReserved

It returns `TRUE` if there exist available internet connections. Thus we can compose the following code in C# to check it out:

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

namespace ConsoleApplication2
    class Program
        public enum INTERNET_CONNECTION : int
            MODEM = 0x01,
            LAN = 0x02,
            PROXY = 0x04,
            MODEM_BUSY = 0x08,
            RAS_INSTALLED = 0x10,
            OFFLINE = 0x20,
            CONFIGURED = 0x40,

        private static extern bool InternetGetConnectedState(out INTERNET_CONNECTION dwFlag, int dwReserved);

        static void Main(string[] args)
            INTERNET_CONNECTION flag;
            if (InternetGetConnectedState(out flag, 0))
                Console.WriteLine("Network connected: {0}。", flag);
                Console.WriteLine("Network disconnected.");

Using Ping

We can also determine whether the machine is online by executing ping test to specific sites. Its advantage lies in that if the result is yes, then we can be 100% sure the network is available.

This method can be implemented by using `System.Net.NetworkInformation.Ping`. You can consult MSDN to learn how to realize it.

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